Help for PLTGRAF
"PLTGRAF" plots an IBIS graphics file inside a labeled box.
PLRTGRAF plots whatever information is given in an IBIS-1 graphics file.
If a 3-D object is described in the graphics file, its viewpoint is
in whatever perspective that the vertices are given. Thus, if the
true 3-D is hidden by looking at an elev of 0 and Azimuth of 180, then
the depth perception is lost.
If a different perspective is desired then that graphics-1 file perspective
can be changed by the program PERSPEC and the results from that transformation
can be plotted by PLTGRAF.
The window size and plot size can be selected or automatic window sizing
invoked. Graphics outside of the window are clipped. Three
dimensional graphics-1 files can also be plotted. The format of the
data in the file can be specified (XY or YX), and the direction of the
axes on the plot can be chosen.
"PLTGRAF" can also plot attribute information such as text and numbers
from an (optional) IBIS interface file.
If the display parameters are set to defaults,
will plot the graphics file "pltgraf"
2.0 + y-axis anno. | |
1.0 + | |
0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0
x-axis anno. comment
text labeling data (default for each is no text):
title="title" Title (above data)
xlabel="x-axis anno." X-axis annotation (below data)
ylabel="y-axis anno." Y-axis annotation (to left of data)
comment="comment" Comment text (below data, right justified)
'date Date, in the form "day-mon-da, year",
prepended to comment text (comment not
necessary to get date) (DATE parameter)
box and numbers bordering data (MODE parameter; default is 'axis):
'axis Draw box, tick marks, and numbers
'noaxis Draw box only
'nobox No border around data
plot size (defaults shown):
xlen=4.0 Width of plot in inches, not counting text
and numbers outside of box
ylen=3.0 Height of plot in inches, not counting text
and numbers outside of box
window into data (default for each is to use min. & max. of data):
xrange=(lower_x,upper_x) Only points with x values in the range
lower_x <= x <= upper_x
yrange=(lower_y,upper_y) Only points with y values in the range
lower_y <= y <= upper_y
zrange=(lower_z,upper_z) Only points with z values in the range
lower_z <= z <= upper_z
data format (defaults shown):
dataform="YX" Data in file is in (y,x) or (y,x,z) format.
"XY" indicates (x,y) or (x,y,z) format.
dim=2 Number of dimensions for each data point--here,
2d. dim=3 indicates 3d.
direct="BR" Direction of increasing x and y values--here,
from top to bottom for y and from left to right
for x. Other directions are "TR", "TL", "BL".
control of final pen position (default shown):
'curr At the end of the plot, the cursor is positioned
at the origin of the plot just finished. 'next
positions the cursor 1 inch to the right of the
plot. (FINALPOS parameter)
special annotation--only used if an interface file is supplied as the
second file in the INP parameter (defaults shown):
datacols=3 A list of 1 to 6 numbers indicating the
columns in the interface file that contain
text and/or numbers to be plotted.
format="REAL,HALF,ASCI, The format of the input data to be displayed.
etc" One format for each column. The first two
formats must be present and represent the
format of the x and y value columns. The
next two columns, if present, represent the
angle and size of the text. Column 5 may
be either a number to display or text columns
to display. A maximum of 20 characters
(5 columns can be displayed). The user may
optionally plot both text and a value at an
xcol=1 The number of the column that contains
x-coordinate of the left edge of the text
and/or numbers (before rotation).
ycol=2 The number of the column that contains
y-coordinate of the bottom edge of the text
and/or numbers (before rotation).
tsize=.15 Default text size if heighcol is defaulted.
heighcol=1 The number of the column that contains the
height for the text and/or numbers. If the
default is taken, then a height of tsize is
used for all rows in the interface file.
anglecol=1 The number of the column that contains the
CCW rotation angle--in degrees from horizontal--
for the text and/or numbers. If the default is
taken, then an angle of 0.0 degrees is used
for all rows in the interface file.
IBIS GRAPHICS-1 FILES
IBIS graphics-1 files are a way to store 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional
polygonal objects in a file. The file contains a list of the successive vertices
of the polygons. When the list contains a line of all zeroes then it terminates
that face of the polygon. In the view of a drawing program it would be a
With the advent of the IBIS-2 format graphics-1 files are deprecated.
In the new IBIS-2 format graphics-1 can replace that format via an index
column. In the IBIS-2 context each row is associated with a single vertex,
and the row order in a column determines the sequence of plotting the
vertices. A pen-up type command would involve a change of the value in
the index column.
The other type of output come from the PLOT and PLOTFMT parameters.
PLOT allows the user to display data from 5 areas on the CCD on an x,y
plot using the gnuplot package after exiting the program. PLOT produces
a file of gnuplot commands contained in a file having a .gpi file extension.
Another file with an .asc extension is create containing columns of data
that are displayed by the gpi file.
The PLOTFMT parameter allows the user to generate a postscript file of
the output for use in documentation by choosing PLOTFMT=EPS. The default
is to generate a gnuplot interactive display.
PLOT NAMING CONVENTIONS
The user should enter only the parent file name without an extension
for the PLOTOUT parameter. The program will supply the extensions.
For example, if the user has an input file of indata.dat and PLOTOUT=outplot
then for the interactive plot the following files are produced:
The first file is the gnuplot instruction file and the second is the
data file used by gnuplot.
If the user wanted an encapsulate postscript file with PLOTFMT=eps
then the following files are produced:
Remember entering the following command gives the eps file, outplot.eps
ush gnuplot outplot.eps.gpi
If you move the gpi file to another directory, you must also move the
input data file, indata.dat.asc to the same directory.
Note that the gpi file produced by this program has the name of the
input file embedded in the plot command inside the gpi file, e.g..
plot 'indata.dat.asc' u 1: 9 t .......
This program uses the gnuplot package for its plots. Gnuplot is a
separate package from Vicar and is not actually invoked inside this
program. Instead this program creates a template of gnuplot commands
which are written out as a separate file. The plot is then viewed after
exiting this program. The file has the extension .gpi. You view
the plot by issuing the following command in the vicar shell.
ush gnuplot output.gpi
or external to vicar as
After viewing the data, you close the plot by clicking the mouse anywhere
except on the top bar of the plot. Clicking on the top bar allows you
to move the plot to any convenient place on the terminal screen. (While
the plot is displayed you cannot enter any commands to the vicar shell).
The data to be plotted by gnuplot is read from a separate file, created
by this program, which contains columns of data in ascii text.
File naming conventions are discussed in the OUTPUT section, but in this
case that file extension will be .asc.
It is possible to keep the plot alive for comparison purposes by issuing
the following command.
ush gnuplot --persist output.gpi
(You will be able to enter commamds to the vicar shell after clicking on
the mouse on the plot).
Note: This program creates multiple output plots per run. You bring up each plot
panel sequentially. You close each plot by clicking the mouse on any
portion of the plot.
This program also allows you to create a hardcopy encapsulated postscript
plot suitable for publications. This file can be viewed with ghostscript
or gimp. The encapsulated postscript file is not created by this program
by by the gnuplot program from a gpi file made especially for this purpose.
this file has the extension, eps.gpi. You create the hardcopy plot via
the following command
ush gnuplot output.eps.gpi
This creates the eps file output.eps. You can view this file by
ush gimp output.eps
This program used to link to the XRT plot library -lxrt. Calls to
that library were mitigated through a Calcomp conversion library,
xrtps located in the p2 subroutine library. With the conversion to
gnuplot, neither of these packages are used.
pltgraf INP=FILE.GRA TITLE="Map of an Unknown Land" XLEN=10 YLEN=5.0 XRANGE=(-120,-115) YRANGE=(34,36) XLABEL="LONGITUDE" YLABEL="LATITUDE" DIRECT="TR"
In this example the data window is (-120,-115) in longitude and (34,36) in
latitude, and the size of the plot is 10 by 5 inches. The direction of the axes
is set to top-right since this is a latitude-longitude plot.
pltgraf FILE.GRA XLEN=7 YLEN=3.5 'NOAXIS TITLE="Another Map" XLABEL="south" 'DATE
In this example, the data window is found from the extent of the data so that
the whole file is displayed. Because of the 'NOAXIS keyword, a box is drawn
around the data but the axes are not labeled with numbers and no tick marks
are drawn. A title and the x-axis annotation are displayed; today's date is
drawn in the lower right corner of the plot.
pltgraf THREE.GRA DIM=3 XRANGE=(1000,1400) YRANGE=(600,900) ZRANGE=(0,10000)
This example demonstrates how to plot 3-D graphics files. The first two
dimensions are treated identically as with 2-D graphics files.
ibis-gen LINES NC=3 NR=8 'IBIS-1 'ROW DATACOL=(1,2,3) DATA=( 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4,
5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8)
pltgraf LINES DIM=3 'NOAXIS XLEN=8 YLEN=8 'DATE COMMENT=" test" ZRANGE=(1,7)
In this plot, a box will be drawn around the data and the comment
"WED SEP 17, 1987 test" (current date) will be drawn in the lower right
corner of the plot just outside of the box. The last line segment,
(7,7) to (8,8), will not be drawn, however, because the second point's z
value--8--is outside of ZRANGE.
Optional Interface File Examples:
pltgraf (PLOT.GRA,TEXT.INT) XCOL=1 YCOL=3 DATACOLS=(5,6,7,8) FORMAT=("REAL","REAL","HALF","ASCI",'ASCI','ASCI') HEIGHCOL=10 ANGLECOL=11 'NOBOX COMMENT="Test annotation"
This example shows the use of an interface file to plot annotation. First, the
data in the first file will get plotted; no box, tick marks, axes number
labels, axes annotation, or title will be plotted ('NOBOX + omission of
XLABEL, YLABEL, & TITLE). A comment will be drawn in the lower right corner
of the plot.
Next, the annotation from the interface file will be plotted. The position of
the text to be plotted is in columns specified by XCOL and YCOL (these
positions are scaled to fit the plot in the same way that data points are
scaled). The DATACOLS specifies the interface columns that hold the text and
numbers to be plotted. The data in the columns is specified with the
FORMAT parameter. For this example, the first two columns (1,3) are real
numbers and contain the x and y location at which the following datacols will
be plotted. Column 5 contains a half word value to plotted at x,y and columns
6,7,8 contain associated text to be plotted at the same location.
1. Plotted text must not be longer than 60 characters.
2. Interface file text may not be longer than 20 characters.
WRITTEN BY: Frank Evans
COGNIZANT PROGRAMMER: Barbara McGuffie
Feb 1986 Frank Evans - Put in calls to standard IBIS
graphics-1 file subroutines.
Added 3-D option.
Mar 1986 Frank Evans - Allowed different coordinate systems
Modified 3-D option.
Jun 1986 Frank Evans - Added interface attribute file
Jan 1987 Frank Evans - Added dataform parameter
Jun 1987 Michael Tschudi Used call to SETGR to avoid opening graphics
file twice (done to reset file to its first
Sep 17, 1987 Michael Tschudi 1. add PEN param
2. add ZTOPEN param
3. add COMMENT param
4. add DATE param
5. add FINALPOS param
6. add NOBOX to the MODE param
7. change formula for centering title from
8. if xlabel specified along with 'NOAXIS or
'NOBOX, then it is displayed without axis
numbers; same for ylabel
9. change pen number calculation for scaled z
pen = int(z)
pen = nint(z)
to avoid round-off error
10. fixed ZRANGE so that the range is checked
11. set plot to draw in same location
regardless of MODE switch value
12. fixed default FORMAT value
Feb 23, 1990 Howard Frieden Check that interface file annotation is within
the plot area. Also, center the annotation
and add TSIZE parameter.
Jul 10, 1996 A. Scop (CRI) - Made portable for UNIX
May 1, 1998 BAM - Corrected subroutine PLOTTEXT
which had not been ported properly.
Feb 13, 2013 R. J. Bambery - Converted to gnuplot and
gfortran 4.6.3 64-bit compatiability
Feb 20, 2013 R. J. Bambery - Updated test and documentation
Mar 15, 2013 R. J. Bambery - remove all debugging statements,
dataform is default=XY not YX
Jul 07, 2013 R. J. Bambery - Renamed table file and fixed logic
in XY vs YX and TR, BR, TL, BL
(capitalization) and ranges in gpi files
Jul 13, 2013 R. J. Bambery - Adjusted eps format to more readable fonts
1. Input IBIS graphics-1 file
2. Optional interface file with
Turns on PLOT.
Output plot format
GNUPLOT or EPS
String for title
String for x-axis annotation
String for y-axis annotation
String for lower-right corner
Switch indicating that the curr.
date should be prepended to
COMMENT ('DATE) or not ('NODATE)
Switch indicating level of
border detail around data:
'AXIS: box, ticks, numbers
'NOAXIS: box only
Length of x-axis in inches
Length of y-axis in inches
Range for x-variable
Range for y-variable
Range for z-variable
File format: XY, YX.
Dimension of graphics
file (2 or 3)
Increasing direction for axes:
TR for top right
BR for bottom right
TL for top left
BL for bottom left
Position for pen following plot:
'CURR: at origin of plot (for
'NEXT: to right of plot (for
Columns (up to 10) that hold the
text or numbers to be plotted
String containing IBIS FORMAT
statement to use to format the
data columns (parentheses req'd)
Column number that holds left-
edge x coords for text/numbers
Column number that holds bottom-
edge y coords for text/numbers
Text size in inches when
Default is .15
Column number that holds the
height of the text in inches.
(Default yields TSIZE inches)
Column number that holds the
angle of the text in degrees.
(Default yields 0 degrees)